El Salvador’s dollar-denominated bonds have hit an all-time low, with the Central American country’s debt now trading in “distressed territory”.
Following weekend rumours that El Salvador will employ Bitcoin (BTC) bonds to support its Bitcoin City program, El Salvador’s USD bonds plummeted to 64.4 cents to the dollar on Monday, November 22. According to Bloomberg statistics, dollar bonds have been continuously falling since topping $1.10 in April 2021.
A dollar-denominated bond is a bond issued by a foreign firm or government outside of the United States that is denominated in US dollars rather than the local currency.
The country’s debt became one of the worst performers in global trade as a result of Monday’s slump, according to Bloomberg. Investors are concerned that President Nayib Bukele has barred the IMF from providing development assistance to the country.
“This statement cements the ‘anything-but-the-IMF’ approach,” said Nathalie Marshik, Managing Director of investment banking firm Stifel Nicolaus. Bonds are sliding “as the market reassesses likely recovery value lower on the uncertainty of policies”.
Once El Salvador’s original investment expenditures for its mining equipment have been repaid, the Bitcoin bond will pay 6.5% yearly interest plus 50% of El Salvador’s Bitcoin earnings. According to Samson Mow, Chief Strategy Officer of Blockstream, dividends will be paid in USD or Tether (USDT).
Bitcoin may allow investors to contribute to El Salvador’s faster development
Mow believes that the Bitcoin bond will provide institutional investors with a method to obtain exposure to Bitcoin without having to possess the cryptocurrency themselves. It will also allow investors to contribute to El Salvador’s faster development. On November 23, Mow, who has been creating the Bitcoin bond with the government of El Salvador, told Bloomberg TV:
“We’re attempting to organise this in such a manner that the Bitcoin bond can be available to boards of directors as a normal bond because it is a normal bond”. It just so happens to be in connection with a significant amount of Bitcoin.”
Podcaster and well-known Bitcoin supporter Anthony Pompliano anticipated that they would be “ridiculously overflowing”. In response to Mow’s interview with Bloomberg.
For much of 2021, El Salvador has been in discussions with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) about a potential $1.3 billion loan. President Bukele has chosen to support more local efforts. Such as school construction, with Bitcoin rather than USD, thus such discussions may fade into oblivion.
Bitcoin utilization as legal tender still risky
El Salvador’s loan request finally acquired approval by the IMF on November 22. El Salvador’s economy has swiftly recovered from the pandemic. However, the country’s budgetary deficits and huge public debt are causing larger gaps in the services it can deliver, according to the report.
“Risks resulting from Bitcoin as a legal tender, new payments environment. As well as trading in Bitcoin should be in control”, the study said. Adding that initiatives to enhance financial inclusion and boost growth are welcome.
“Bitcoin should not be legal currency because of these dangers”. The staff advises that the Bitcoin law’s reach should have limitations. And that the new payment ecosystem’s regulation and oversight be more strict.”